Privacy-Preserving Stress Detection Using Smartwatch Health Data
4. Interdisciplinary Privacy & Security at Large Workshop, INFORMATIK 2023
We present the first privacy-preserving approach for stress detection from wrist-worn wearables based on the Time-Series Classification Transformer (TSCT) architecture and incorporating Differential Privacy (DP) to ensure provable privacy guarantees. The non-private baseline results prove the TSCT to be an effective model for the given task. Our DP experiments then show that the private models suffer from reduced utility but can still be used for reliable stress detection depending on the application. Our proposed approach has potential applications in smart health, where it can be used to monitor smartwatch users' stress levels without compromising their privacy and provide timely interventions or suggestions to prevent adverse health outcomes. Another primary contribution is our evaluation, which studies and shows negative effects of DP regarding model training. The results of this work provide perspectives for future research and applications whenever the fields of stress detection and data privacy intervene.